Some traditions of international aviation regulation dating back to 1944 were contrary to the principles of the air transport market established in Europe. While traditionally every international airline should have a specific nationality, in recent decades the EU has developed a single market in which nationals of one EU Member State can invest, establish and control airlines registered in any other EU Member State. The term „EU air carriers“ has been reinforced by the fact that EU airlines are established and licensed under the same rules and can serve any route within the EU. High standards are maintained and further improved through common rules on key issues such as licensing, security and protection. Regulation (EC) No 847/2004 on the negotiation and implementation of air transport agreements between Member States and third countries Air transport agreements (SAAs) are formal agreements between countries – accompanying declarations of intent and the exchange of formal diplomatic notes. It is not mandatory to have an ASA for the operation of international services, but cases where services exist without a contract are rare. In most cases, air services are excluded from U.S. trade agreements. When air services are included, their coverage is very limited. In these cases, the Bureau of International Aviation will work with the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative and the Department of State to ensure that these provisions are consistent with U.S. aviation policy.
In the General Agreement on Tariffs for Services (GATS), the Air Transport Annex expressly limits the scope of air services to aircraft repair and maintenance, computerized reservation systems, and the sale and marketing of air transport. Under our bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements (FTAs), air service coverage is limited to aircraft repair and maintenance as well as special flight services. For more information, please contact us. In 1913, in what was probably the first such agreement, a bilateral exchange of notes was signed between Germany and France to allow the services of airships. Air transport agreements generally consist of a contract-level air transport agreement, which is supplemented by agreements with a status below the contractual status between aviation authorities, such as. Β declarations of intent and/or exchange of letters. It is the practice of the Australian government to publish all agreements at the contract level. However, agreements with a lower contractual status are generally not published, as they are traditionally considered confidential between aviation authorities. Commercial air transport may be carried out only if it is approved by the States concerned by the operations. In particular, in order to provide a stable basis for scheduled international air traffic under international law, States have concluded air services/air transport agreements.
Normally, these agreements are concluded between two Contracting States – bilateral agreements. In addition, certain aspects addressed in bilateral air services agreements (SAAs) fall within the exclusive competence of the EU and are therefore negotiable on a non-autonomous basis by EU Member States. – Negotiation of individual „horizontal“ agreements, with the Commission acting on behalf of eu Member States. Each „horizontal“ agreement aims to amend the relevant provisions of all existing bilateral SAAs in a single negotiation with a third country. DISCLAIMER The attached documents are internal departmental working documents, which have been created for internal use. This document may be used only as an indication of the rights granted and implemented under Australia`s bilateral air services agreements and arrangements. .